Sisodiya SM, Whelan CD, Hatton SN, Huynh K, Altmann A, Ryten M, Vezzani A, Caligiuri ME, Labate A, Gambardella A, Ives-Deliperi V, Meletti S, Munsell BC, Bonilha L, Tondelli M, Rebsamen M, Rummel C, Vaudano AE, Wiest R, Balachandra AR, Bargalló N, Bartolini E, Bernasconi A, Bernasconi N, Bernhardt B, Caldairou B, Carr SJA, Cavalleri GL, Cendes F, Concha L, Desmond PM, Domin M, Duncan JS, Focke NK, Guerrini R, Hamandi K, Jackson GD, Jahanshad N, Kälviäinen R, Keller SS, Kochunov P, Kowalczyk MA, Kreilkamp BAK, Kwan P, Lariviere S, Lenge M, Lopez SM, Martin P, Mascalchi M, Moreira JCV, Morita-Sherman ME, Pardoe HR, Pariente JC, Raviteja K, Rocha CS, Rodríguez-Cruces R, Seeck M, Semmelroch MKHG, Sinclair B, Soltanian-Zadeh H, Stein DJ, Striano P, Taylor PN, Thomas RH, Thomopoulos SI, Velakoulis D, Vivash L, Weber B, Yasuda CL, Zhang J, Thompson PM, McDonald CR; ENIGMA Consortium Epilepsy Working Group.
Epilepsy is a common and serious neurological disorder, with many different constituent conditions characterized by their electro clinical, imaging, and genetic features. MRI has been fundamental in advancing our understanding of brain processes in the epilepsies. Smaller‐scale studies have identified many interesting imaging phenomena, with implications both for understanding pathophysiology and improving clinical care. Through the infrastructure and concepts now well‐established by the ENIGMA Consortium, ENIGMA‐Epilepsy was established to strengthen epilepsy neuroscience by greatly increasing sample sizes, leveraging ideas and methods established in other ENIGMA projects, and generating a body of collaborating scientists and clinicians to drive forward robust research. Here we review published, current, and future projects, that include structural MRI, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and resting state functional MRI (rsfMRI), and that employ advanced methods including structural covariance, and event‐based modeling analysis. We explore age of onset‐ and duration‐related features, as well as phenomena‐specific work focusing on particular epilepsy syndromes or phenotypes, multimodal analyses focused on understanding the biology of disease progression, and deep learning approaches. We encourage groups who may be interested in participating to make contact to further grow and develop ENIGMA‐Epilepsy.